Here is a summary of all 157 stories that mentioned rape in Kenya & Uganda:
The word clouds of these stories reveal two very different perspectives. First, Mrembo:
And second, Sita Kimya (a USAID funded effort to change behavior in men around their treatment of women in the Nairobi slum of Kibera):
- Whose stories? The stories about Mrembo program are told almost exclusively by young girls under 16; Nearly all the stories about Sita Kimya are told by men, ages 16-30.
- Where? Kamukunji for Mrembo, Kibera for Sita Kimya
- [GIRL] Mrembo girls talk about sexual help from a first person perspective. Notice how the word girl/girls doesn’t appear in their tag cloud, whereas it dominates both the other groups.
- [HIV/AIDS] Mrembo stories emphasize the relationship between risky sexual behavior (like hanging out with boys on soccer fields, according to some stories) and AIDS. HIV/AIDS is hardly mentioned in Sita Kimya, relative to frequency of being mentioned in the overall rape stories set.
- GOOD NEWS: Both the Sita Kimya and Mrembo stories are drawn from their target audiences: Young sexually-active men and younger pre-sexually-active girls, respectively.
- Mrembo girls choose “Inspiring” or “Important” to describe their stories, and rarely “Horrible” or “Not memorable.” Sita Kimya guys choose all of these labels about equally.
- Mrembo girls are almost all “actors” or “affected by” the events in their stories. Nearly all the guys are “observers” in these stories, but not “actors” or “affected by.”
- Both groups considered their story more related to a specific organization, over family, friends, or a community.
- Mrembo girls mostly talked about a recent event from last 6 months, whereas Sita Kimya guys talked about more distant events ( no stories from the last 3 months)
- Both groups share stories that reflect success and failure, but Mrembo girls are a bit more likely to think of their story as somewhere in between:
- Lastly, the English translations of both Kiswahili words do not appear in stories: “Stop” or “Silent” for stopping rape: Sita Kimya means “we will not be silent!” or “Beautiful” for Mrembo means “beautiful” [girls].
Looking at wordle subtraction:
This version is a composite of 87 stories about mrembo, about twice the number used before:
Words from Mrembo stories, with Sita Kimya words subtracted out:
Words that appear in either group, but not both:
[Also known as the symmetric difference of two sets] This one is the most difficult to interpret:
Note that I removed the words Sita Kimya, Mrembo, people, cases from the above set, since they were obviously dominating.
- Mrembo program emphasizes teaching girls about HIV/AIDS, early marriage, and avoiding bad situations so that one avoids rape. Stories are about what the girls in the program learned.
- Sita Kimya stories emphasize rape cases involving girls from a man’s point of view. Schools, community, and organization appear to be a common part of the stories. Seemingly esoteric topics like books, water, and life also get mentioned.
- Most astounding: When Sita Kimya men talk about rape, the idea of early marriage and HIV/AIDS is absent.
Update using a wordtree comparison method
Here is a map of all the words from stories that mention Sita Kimya (in blue) and Mrembo (in red). The purple nodes are words that are shared between both stories about equally. It underscores just how different these two sets of stories are, in terms of what the storytellers emphasize — and might be easier to quickly read than the wordle method:
- HIV and AIDS
- Parents, pregnancy, marriage, avoid, and body
- Police, hospital
- know, men
- Rape, sex, girl